One of my birthing moms gave me an interesting book to read, “A Drop Of Milk”, Every object tells a tale 7, compliments of, The Isaac Kaplan Old Yishuv Court Museum.
The percentage of child mortality in Israel in the 19th century until the British Mandate  was 80%. Four out of five children did not live to see their first birthday. Today according to the Ministry of Health published in 2008, the percentage of infant mortality today is 2.28 per 1000 births in the Jewish population in Israel [under 0.25%].
Causes of this shocking statistic included shared bathrooms, deficient hygienic conditions, polluted water pits, early marriages, and a shortage of medications.
We certainly have come a long way…